Research Article|Articles in Press

The psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the stressor scale for emergency nurses

  • Author Footnotes
    1 The authors contributed equally to this work and should be considered co-first authors.
    Yuxin Wang
    1 The authors contributed equally to this work and should be considered co-first authors.
    Graduate School, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China
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  • Author Footnotes
    1 The authors contributed equally to this work and should be considered co-first authors.
    Qi Zhang
    1 The authors contributed equally to this work and should be considered co-first authors.
    School of Nursing, Peking University, Beijing, China
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  • Saiwen Li
    School of Nursing, Dalian University, Dalian, China
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  • Yi Jin
    Correspondence to: Department of Nursing, Tianjin Huanhu Hospital, No. 6, Jizhao Road, Jinnan District, Tianjin 300350, China.
    Department of Nursing, Tianjin Huanhu Hospital, Tianjin, China
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    1 The authors contributed equally to this work and should be considered co-first authors.
Published:October 31, 2022DOI:



      Emergency nurses are experienced specific stress factors. To evaluate stressors of emergency nurses effectively is useful to improve quality of nursing care.
      This study aimed to translate the stressor scale for emergency nurses into Chinese (C-SSEN) and carry out the reliability and validity test among Chinese emergency nurses.


      A total of 358 emergency nurses from four hospitals in Tianjin, Henan, and Shandong province of China are recruited through a convenience sampling. The C-SSEN was translated into Chinese applying a classic ‘forward-backward’ translation method. Reliability (internal consistency, test-retest reliability) and validity (content validity, construct validity) were assessed.


      The final version of C-SSEN was rated by the expert panel, indicating good content validity (I-CVI ≥ 0.83, S-CVI = 0.96). The scale had satisfactory content validity, internal consistency (Cronbach’s α coefficient = 0.958), and test-retest reliability (intra-class correlation coefficient = 0.824).


      The C-SSEN is a useful and reliable scale to evaluate stressors among emergency nurses.


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